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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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.The Western Powers were at a disadvantage in this encounter,
having neither a definite programme for post-war Europe, nor leaders
behind the battle far-seeing enough to tackle the world-wide dimensions
of the inevitable consequences of a total victory over Germany. Dis-
united through their egotistical aims and out-witted by the methods of
the Russian conqueror they were to connive with the latter's aggression.
On October 31, 1939, Molotov, the Commisar for Foreign Affairs,
commenting on the Russian occupation of half Poland in his report
to the Supreme Council of the U.S.S.R., stated that the " Western
World had had to retreat a fraction." But, in 1945, Russia, as the heir
of the Mongol tradition of conquest had taken a gigantic leap into the
very heart of Europe, for it cannot be denied that the outcome of the
total victory over Germany had merely resulted in a totalitarian Russia
straddling dominantly over the Continent of Europe. Since the unity
of the Great Alliance seemed of greater value to the Atlantic partners
at that time than the independence of Poland, who had set a standard
for fighting Democracy, (Roosevelt had claimed it was " the inspiration
of the free nations ") they were to abandon that country at the height
of the battle to this new enemy, and with her all those States between
the Baltic and Aegean Seas. The extent of this disaster can be judged
by the fact that Eastern and part of Central Europe, territories where
150 million people—one third of the peoples of the Western World
had been located in 1939,—found themselves in the hands of the
Kremlin dictator, shut behind the " iron curtain " as war booty, and
under one camouflage or another forced into the Soviet Communist
order of life.

Poland, who had been treated by the Germans as their most bitter
enemy and who had suffered the wholesale slaughter of her people by
the Nazis, on a scale unknown in the other countries, found her situation
unchanged beneath this new occupant. As the most eminent repre-
sentative of the Western World on its eastern boundary, she was
marked down for destruction, while the residue of her people were to
disappear under the oncoming tidal waves of the Russian expansion.

The consent given by the other partners to an enslavement of a
free country by another stronger Power while all were at war against
the same enemy, and during a war fought in order to end aggression,
required the application of methods more ingenious than those normally
used by the common aggressor, methods which seemed beyond the
understanding of the peoples of democracy. It can be quoted as the
sole instance in history where so many and so powerful States, having
at their disposal the most potent means devised by modern science,
did all within their power to misrepresent the truth regarding an
unfortunate country swamped by a new occupant — to conceal
the facts, distort information, destroy its press, silence its radio, slander